TWO PIECE SILVER BADGE WITH UPPER BAR PIN, AND LOWER 3RD CORPS DIAMOND WITH NUMERAL "5" IN THE CENTER, ATTACHED BY FINE LINK CHAIN. UPPER BAR INSCRIPTION: ‘FOR VALOR’; LOWER 3RD CORPS INSCRIPTIONS: ‘HOOKER'S OLD DIVISION’ ABOVE CARVED ABOVE "5", WITH ‘N.J. VOLS.’ BELOW. "5". REVERSE INSCRIPTION: ‘PRESENTED BY REGIMENTAL COUNCIL OF ADMINSTRATORS’ AND ‘TO SGT. JAS A PETTIS CO H‘
James A. Pettis enlisted as a private in Company ‘B’, 3rd New Jersey Infantry (3 Month Militia) on 22nd April 1861 and was mustered out on 31st July 1861, time expired. On 23rd August 1861 he was mustered into Company. "H", 5th New Jersey Volunteers as a Corporal. He was reduced to ranks to Private on 2nd Feb 1863, and later promoted to Sergeant. He was mustered out with fellow non-veterans of his unit on 7th July 1864.
The 5th New Jersey was mustered into service 8/22/1861 and by October of that year was assigned to the 3rd Brigade of Hooker's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of the Potomac, with which it served through March 1862. (this is the "Hooker's Old Division" to which the badge inscription refers). The unit continued serving with the 3rd Corps through March 1864, at which point it was transferred to the 2nd Corps and in November of 1864 was consolidated with the 7th New Jersey. While in service the 5th New Jersey took part in McClellan's 1862 Peninsula Campaign, and from there engaged in most of the major engagements of the Army of the Potomac , seeing particularly heavy action at 1st and second Bull Run, Fair Oaks, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and the Wilderness. During service the regiment lost 134 men killed or mortally wounded and 85 by disease for a total of 219 and many hundred wounded.
An extremely rare "Hooker's Old Division" medal, Id'd to a member of New Jersey's fighting 5th Infantry. It is unknown at this point what form of Gallantry Sergeant Pettis performed, however the rank on the medal means it was post February 1863 and most likely for Chancellorsville, Gettysburg or the Wilderness.