Fantastic group of identified artifacts from one of Connecticut's most decorated Civil War veterans, James Bolles Coit of the 14th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry. Coit, a privileged son from Norwich, CT, enlisted as a private in the Union Army on May 7, 1861 and rose through the ranks to attain a brevet Brigadier General's commission before the end of the war. During the war, Coit was wounded in combat six different battles!
James Coit's military service to his country commenced in the spring of 1861 while he was on a visit back east to Connecticut. The firing on Fort Sumter occurred and Coit obtained authority to recruit an infantry company in the 2nd Connecticut Infantry, a new three-months unit. Coit enlisted as a private from Norwich and became the town's first soldier to join the Union Army.
He fought at the 1st Battle of Bull Run and gained a battlefield promotion from brigade commander General Alfred Terry to Sergeant Major of the 2nd CV. When the 2nd mustered out, Coit obtained authority from Governor Buckingham to recruit another new regiment, the 14th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, in which he enlisted as a 1st Lieutenant in Co "K". Lieutenant Coit stayed with the 14th CV through his service and gained his Captaincy on May 1, 1863 and his Majority on Oct 10, 1863. He fought and was wounded numerous times in battle….at Antietam MD, Gettysburg PA (July 2, 1863 injured by runaway horse), at Morton's Ford (Feb 6, 1864 wounded in leg and left on the field of battle), The Wilderness (May 6, 1864 wounded severely in the wrist), Deep Bottom (Aug 16, 1864), and Petersburg, Virginia (Sep 6, 1864) and was discharged for his wounds on September 9, 1864.
On March 13, 1865, Major J.B. Coit was subsequently Breveted to the rank of Lt. Colonel for his services at Antietam; Breveted to the rank of Colonel for services at Gettysburg and gained his Brevet Brigadier General status for services rendered at The Wilderness. After much important service with in his State and with Vereran Associations, General Coit died on 8th December 1894. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
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Group recently reunited, the initial and larger part of the group being purchased in 2010 from well known American Civil War dealers ‘The Horse Soldier’, the balanced recently purchased at Auction in Dallas.
This is a really fantastic group, that would be hard to top and due to who he was and a brief check on line will give multiple mentions. Certainly loads of more research potential. The history of the 14th Connecticut Volunteers mentions Coit multiple times and is included, as is a huge amount of other research including musters and detailed pension files from the US archives. These records give huge amount of details on wounds, service, affidavits from other soldiers served with etc etc. The latter are quite amazing and run into 160-200 larger than A4 of copied pages!