MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, CLASP CHRYSLER'S FARM ‘A. NEWINGTON, 49TH FOOT’
The 49th were one of the few British regiments stationed in Canada at the outbreak of the 1812 War, as such they bore a conspicuous part in many of the famous battles of the war.
In November 1813 the 49th took part in the brilliant action of Chrystler’s Farm where a British force of 1200 men, known as the Corps of Observation, repulsed an American force of 4,000 men under Major- General Wilkinson and thwarted their plans to capture Montreal. Here the flank companies of the 49th were again conspicuous for their actions whilst posted some distance in front of the main British lines. Private Newington was wounded during this action.
THE RARITY OF A MEDAL TO A SOLDIER WHO SERVED AT QUEENSTON HEIGHTS
Private Newington’s Medal is in itself a scarce clasped medal, especially to a Chrystler’s Farm casualty. However it is his participation at the battle of Queenston Heights that makes this a very rare medal indeed and consequently an important one given the importance in Canadian history of the battle of Queenston Heights and the Death of General Brock. Just 184 Officers and men from the 2 flank companies of the 49th that took part in the battle, but of these just 9 men (including Captain Dennis and Newington), received the MGS medals. Of these, a couple ‘could’ be multiple names but even not taking this into account, its probably only up to 4 or 5 at most survive.
Of the Officers and men of 41st foot who took part in the later stages of the battle, bar Officers and casualties, it is impossible to tell for sure who took part in the battle and who didn’t due to the way the muster rolls were kept. Two Officers received the MGS medal and just one NCO and these seem to be all that can be 100% confirmed.
For the Militia companies, that played such an important role, especially in standing with the 49th flank companies during the initial stages of the battle, it’s similar as with the 41st. 2 men from the 3rd York Militia can be identified as casualties and receiving a medal from the initial defenders and a handful of officers as part of the reinforcements but no men.
Condition NVF, couple of EK.s, or GVF. With copy Service records, musters 1812-15 confirming Grenadier company throughout and other research on CD.