MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE 1793, 6 CLASPS, VITTORIA, PYRENEES, NIVELLE, NIVE, ORTHES, TOULOUSE ‘G. HENRY, LIEUT. 36TH FOOT & CAPT. 14TH PORTSE.’
Graham Henry was born at Westmeath, Ireland, in 1789, and had 3 years service in the West Meath Militia prior to being appointed an Ensign in the 36th Foot on 6 November 1806, aged 17. He was promoted to Lieutenant on 2 March 1808 and served with the 36th Foot in the Peninsula from September 1811 to April 1812, serving with them at the sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz – he applied for these clasps when applying for the MGS medal but they were disallowed as his regiment were at the sieges but not part of final assaults. From 23 May 1812 (General order 22nd April 1812) until April 1814, Henry was seconded to the 14th Portuguese Infantry with the rank of Captain and with them served in many of the hard fought battles of 1813-14 as well as various smaller actions 1812-14.
The 14th Portuguese were particularly praised by Lord Hill to Wellington for their conduct and steadiness at Maya Pass (Pyrenees) where the regiment suffered 84 casualties. At Nive they suffered 132 casualties.
1861 Army list states:
‘Lieut Colonel Henry joined the Peninsular Army in 1810, and was present at the sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz, defence of Alba de Tormes, attack on the Pass of Maya, battles of Vittoria, Nivelle, Nive, and St Pierre, Orthes; and the battle of Toulouse, besides various minor affairs. He has received the War Medal with six clasps’.
Henry was also mentioned in reports to Wellington for his general conduct on 20th January 1814 from Major General Le Cor(ref ‘The Dispatches of Field Marshal Wellington’).
Henry was appointed Captain in the 2nd Portuguese Infantry on 15 December 1814, and placed on half-pay on 25 December 1814 but continued in service with the Portuguese Army until 1821!
After leaving Portuguese service, he was restored to full-pay as a Captain and was appointed as SubInspector of Militia, Ionian Islands, from 24 September 1823, until he retired as a Captain half-pay unattached on 23 November 1827. He was made Brevet Major in the 69th Foot on 10 January 1837, and promoted to Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in the same regiment on 11 November 1851. Lieutenant-Colonel Graham Henry died at Lambridge, Bath, on 25 December 1861.
Condition GVF, a very attractive medal. Ex Christie’s, July 1988. Should also be entitled to the Portuguese Cross for 3 or 4 campaigns.
Sold with, service papers, and PDF copy of a recent history of the 14th Portuguese Regiments service which gives quite a few pages on their peninsular service (written in Portuguese).