SUTLEJ 1845-46, FOR MOODKEE 1845, 3 CLASPS, FEROZESHUHUR, ALIWAL, SOBRAON ‘LIEUT. C: A: MOUATT 50TH REGT.’
Charles Abney Mouatt, born in 1819, was commissioned Ensign in the 50th Foot on the 6th March 1840 and was promoted Lieutenant on 16th September 1841.
Prior to the Gwalior Campaign of 1843, Lieutenant Mouatt was Court Martialed ‘For conduct unbecoming of an officer and a gentleman’. The cause was a heated and apparently long standing argument between Mouatt and another Officer of the Regiment. The result of which was Lieutenant Mouatt challenged the other Officer to a duel. The two met the next day for the said purpose and it ‘seems’ after another argument the other Officer apologised to Mouatt. However higher authorities heard about this and the two were Court Martialed.
Full details of the Court Martial, charges and results, were published in ‘The Military Journal’ (transcribed copy with the research). This has been also transcribed on the following website, along with other details of Mouatt’s service:
He served in the Gwalior campaign and was present at the battle of Punniar. At this battle, General Grey found a division of the Gwalior army entrenched at Punniar. The British assaulted the positions and drove the enemy from them. British casualties were 35 killed and 182 wounded,42 of which were suffered by the 50th Regiment. Medals were made from bronze form the guns captured during the Gwalior campaign.
Two years later, Mouatt took part in the Sutlej campaign including the battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshuhur, Aliwal and Sobraon. He was wounded at Ferozeshuhur and severely wounded in the head at the battle of Sobroan whilst leading his company.
The 50th were one of the few British Regiments to take part in all the major battles of the Sutlej War, the other being the 31st Foot. The regiment sustained 109 casualties at Moodkee, second highest of any Regiment and 124 at Ferozeshuhur. The latter as terrible a battle that has been fought and very almost a defeat. At Aliwal a further 121 casualties were sustained and at the final battle at Sobraon, the regiment was again in the thick of things, suffering a further 239 casualties, by far the highest casualties of any other regiment. So high were the Officer casualties, that it was a lieutenant of the 50th who commanded the Regiment when they left the field of battle. When one considers the regimental strength at the start of the campaign was around 800 and taking into account men wounded in more than one action, the amount of casualties they had over a period of less than two months; 593 killed and wounded, was staggering. 5 Officers were killed during the campaign and 32 were wounded, the latter includes several Officers wounded more than once, like Mouatt.
A series of letters published in The United Service Magazine ( in 1851), regarding who brought the 50th out of action at Sobroan, shed more light on Lieutenant Mouatt’s service and wounding during the battle. It seems Mouat Commanded No 6 Company and was wounded in the head before the trenches. It also seems he carried on fighting during the rest of the battle (despite his wound) according later letter:
‘My Dear Bellers,—At the battle of Sobraon I commanded Brevet Major Long's company (No. 6) and was shot at its head, as we got close to the trenches. To my knowledge he had never joined his Regiment, certainly not his Company. From inquiries made at the time I believe he only joined the 50th after they were taken out of the trenches. » • * *
(Signed) C. Arney Mouat, Lieutenant,
24th (late 50th) Regiment.’
‘…Captain Long's company was commanded, from the very commencement of the action till all was over, by Lieutenant Mouat, the Subaltern of his company...’
Lieutenant Mouatt exchanged to the 24th Foot on 14 October 1851 but died whilst stationed at Rawalpindee, in the Punjab, on 11 October 1854. Inscribed on Mouatt’s memorial were the words;
‘To the glory of God and in affectionate remembrance of Lieut. Charles Abney Mouat of the 50th and 24th Regts who after a service of fourteen years, including six general actions, in which he was twice seriously wounded, died at Rawal Pindee, on the 12th October 1854. Aged 35. ‘
Condition VF, very minor pitting from star, nice patina and original ribbon. A fantastic medal to an officer who not only served at all the battles of the Sutlej Campaign but was wounded in two. Sold with copy research including transcripts of the Court Martial and the articles from the 1851 United Service Magazine.